Skip to Main Content

APA – Citing Sources

Social media

In-text citation:

  • (Rosenhouse, 2011)
  • The user with the nickname Owlmirror (2011) is of the opinion that ...

In the reference list:

  • Write the author name or author nickname, followed by the year, month and day of entry.
  • The blog name should be italicized.

Blog post:

Author, A. A. (year, month and day). Title. Blog name. https://xxxx 

​Reference example:

Rosenhouse, J. (2011, December 17). What is scientism?. ScienceBlogs. https://scienceblogs.com/evolutionblog/2011/12/17/what-is-scientism

Blog comment:

Name or nickname. (year, month and day). Title of the blog comment or up to 20 words of the comment [comment on the blog post "Title of blog post"]. Blog name. https://xxxx

If there is a direct link to the comment, use that. If not, use the link for the blog post.

Reference example:

Scott_G. (2011, 17 December). When people take pain medication, they feel better, and afterwards, we have no proof that they feel better just first [comment on the blog post "What is Scientism?"]. ScienceBlogs. https://scienceblogs.com/evolutionblog/2011/12/17/what-is-scientism

Social media are not always archived like other sources are. Good advice is to save a blog post or tweet digitally or in printed form if you are using it as a source in an assignment. 

Read more about blog posts and blog comments in the APA Style: Blog Post and Blog Comment References

Facebook post

In-text citation:

  • (Obama, 2019)
  • Obama (2019) writes about the economist Alan Krueger who . . .

Social media often includes emojis. Replicate emojis, if possible. If not, provide the emoji's name in square brackets, for example, "[face with tears of joy emoji]. The full list of emoji names can be found on the Unicodes Consortium's website.

In the reference list:

Author, A. A./organization/group. (year, month and day). Title [Status update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/xxxx

Reference example:

Obama, B. [Barack Obama]. (2019, March 18). Over the weekend, America lost a brilliant economics, and many of us lost a dear friend [Status update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/barackobama/photos/a.53081056748/10156563514811749/

Facebook page

In-text citation:

  • (Jönköping University, n.d.)

In the reference list:

Author, A. A./organization/group. (n.d.). Home/Timeline/Photos/About [Facebook page]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/xxxx

Reference example:

Jönköping University. (n.d.). Home. [Facebook page]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/JonkopingUniversity/

Instagram

In-text citation:

  • (Jönköping University, 2020)
  • Jönköping University (2020)...

Social media often includes emojis. Replicate emojis, if possible. If not, provide the emoji's name in square brackets, for example, "[face with tears of joy emoji]. The full list of emoji names can be found on the Unicodes Consortium's website.

In the reference list:

Author, A. A. [@username]. (year, month day). Content of the post up to the first 20 words. [Photographs]. Instagram. https://xxxx

Reference example:

Jönköping University [@jonkopinguni]. (2020, May 19). Den 12 maj är det internationella sjuksköterskedagen. [Photographs]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/CAFGyiEDc7W/

Twitter

In-text citation: 

  • (APA Style, 2019)

Social media often includes emojis. Replicate emojis, if possible. If not, provide the emoji's name in square brackets, for example, "[face with tears of joy emoji]. The full list of emoji names can be found on the Unicodes Consortium's website.

In the reference list:

Author, A. A./Name of group [@username]. (year, date). Content of the post up to the first 20 words. [Tweet]. Twitter. https://xxxx​

​Reference example:

APA Style [APA_Style]. (2019, March 7). Adverbs ending in "ly" are understood to modify the word that follows, so don't add a hyphen [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/APA_Style/status/1103727744012218368​