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APA – Citing Sources

Tags: English

Social media

Blog posts and blog comments

  • Write the author name or author nickname, followed by year, month and day of entry.
  • The blog name should be italicized.

Blog post - basic format:

Author, A. A. (year, month and day). Title. Blog name. https://xxxx 

​References:

Rosenhouse, J. (2011, December 17). What is scientism?. ScienceBlogs. https://scienceblogs.com/evolutionblog/2011/12/17/what-is-scientism

Blog comments - basic format:

Name or nickname. (year, month and day). Title of blog comment or up to 20 words of the comment [comment on the blog post "Title of blog post"]. Blog name. https://xxxx

If there is a direct link to the comment, use that. If not, use the link for the blog post.

References:

Scott_G. (2011, 17 December). When people take pain medication, they feel better, and afterward, we have no proof that they feel better just first [comment on the blog post "What is Scientism?"]. ScienceBlogs. https://scienceblogs.com/evolutionblog/2011/12/17/what-is-scientism

In-text citations:

  • (Rosenhouse, 2011)
  • (Owlmirror, 2011)
  • The user with nickname Owlmirror (2011) is of the opinion that ...

Social media are not always archived like other sources are. Good advice is to save a blog post or tweet digitally or in printed form if you are using it as a source in an assignment. 

Read more about blog posts and blog comments in the APA Style: Blog Post and Blog Comment References

 

Facebook post

Basic format:

Author, A. A./organization/group. (year, month and day). Title [Status update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/xxxx

References:

Obama, B. [Barack Obama]. (2019, March 18). Over the weekend, America lost a brilliant economics, and many of us lost a dear friend [Status update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/barackobama/photos/a.53081056748/10156563514811749/

APA Style. (2019, March 14). To cite a quality standard or guideline in #APAStyle (e.g., ISO standards), provide the author, date, title, and source of the work [Status update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/APAStyle/posts/3110786558946743

In-text citations:

  • (Obama, 2019)
  • (APA Style, 2019)
  • Obama (2019) writes about the economist Alan Krueger who . . .

Social media often includes emojis. Replicate emojis, if possible. If not, provide the emoji's name in square brackets, for example, "[face with tears of joy emoji]. The full list of emoji names can be found on the Unicodes Consortium's website.

Facebook page

Basic format:

Author, A. A./organization/group. (n.d.). Home/Timeline/Photos/About [Facebook page]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/xxxx

References:

Jönköping University. (n.d.). Home. [Facebook page]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/JonkopingUniversity/

Obama, B. (n.d.) Hem. [Facebook page]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/barackobama/

In-text citations:

(Jönköping University, n.d.)

Obama (n.d.) describes...

Instagram

Basic format:

Author, A. A. [@username]. (year, month day). Content of the post up to the first 20 words. [Photographs]. Instagram. https://xxxx

References:

Jönköping University [@jonkopinguni]. (2020, May 19). Den 12 maj är det internationella sjuksköterskedagen. [Photographs]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/CAFGyiEDc7W/

Obama, B. [@barackobama]. (2020, May 17). Congrats, Class of 2020. I couldn’t be prouder of this year’s graduating high school seniors––as well as the teachers, coaches, and most of all, parents and family who’ve guided you along the way. [Photographs]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/CARDOEXA_UZ/

In-text citations:

(Jönköping University, 2020)

Obama (2020) writes...

Social media often includes emojis. Replicate emojis, if possible. If not, provide the emoji's name in square brackets, for example, "[face with tears of joy emoji]. The full list of emoji names can be found on the Unicodes Consortium's website.

Twitter

Basic format:

Author, A. A./Name of group [@username]. (year, date). Content of the post up to the first 20 words. [Tweet]. Twitter. https://xxxx​

​Referenser:

Trump, D. J. [@realDonaldTrump]. (2019, March 20). George Conway, often referred to as Mr. Kellyanne Conway by those who know him, is VERY jealous of his wife’s success [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1108335293671845888 

APA Style [APA_Style]. (2019, March 7). Adverbs ending in "ly" are understood to modify the word that follows, so don't add a hyphen [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/APA_Style/status/1103727744012218368​

In-text citations: 

(Trump, 2019)

(APA Style, 2019)
Trump (2019) claims in a Tweet that...

Social media often includes emojis. Replicate emojis, if possible. If not, provide the emoji's name in square brackets, for example, "[face with tears of joy emoji]. The full list of emoji names can be found on the Unicodes Consortium's website.