The basic idea behind a reference is that it should include enough information about the source so that the reader can easily find it. Therefore it is necessary to write your references consistently.
Who created the source?
This is either one or several authors, or an organization.
When was the source created?
In most cases this is the year the source was published, but in some cases, for example newspaper articles, you also include the month and day as well. When no year can be identified in the source, you can instead write n.d. (= no date) in its place.
What is the name of the source?
This is the title of a book, an article, a book chapter, a website, a report, a piece of music or a blog post.
Where can you find the source?
This part should answer the question "Where", and that means different things depending on what kind of source we are dealing with. If it is a book, it would be the publisher, if it is something on a website, it is a web link, if it is journal article, it is the journal, and if it is a book chapter, it is the book in which you can find the chapter.
In the menu on the left, you can find examples of how to write references to different types of publications.
Can't find an example that matches the source you want to reference? Most often, you can construct a reference from the following:
If you would like some advice, you can always contact us: