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APA – Citing Sources


  • If there is an author to the web article or page, he/she should be stated as such.
  • If there is no author stated but there is an organization behind the website, the organization's name should be given as author (corporate author).
  • If no date is available on the webpage, use n.d. (=no date) in parentheses instead of the year. Don't use the website's copyright year if such exists.
  • Since website content might be edited from time to time, it is very important to state the retrieval date.
N.B. If you cite an entire website, rather than a specific document or subpage on that website, it is sufficient to give the address in the text. See APA Style website: How do you cite an entire website? 

In-text citation:

  • Greenbaum (2021) refutes the myth...
  • . . . and this is exactly what Harvard University (n.d.) strives for.

Note! In the reference list, you must enter the date as precisely as possible (year-day-month). In the in-text citation, you only enter the year. 

If an organization has an established acronym (abbreviation), you write the full name the first time you cite the source, include the acronym within parentheses, and use only the acronym the subsequent times you cite the same source. Note that if you write the full name within parenthesis, you write the acronym within square brackets, but if you write the full name in the running text you state the acronym within ordinary parentheses. See examples below:

First time:

  • This is also stated in their mission statement (World Health Organization [WHO], n.d.) . . .
  • . . . and this is exactly what the World Trade Organization (WTO, n.d.) strives for.

Subsequent times:

  • On their website (WHO, n.d.) they state that . . .
  • WTO (n.d.) continues to . . .


(World Trade Organization, n.d., para. 3)

In the reference list:

Author, A. A. (year). Title. Website Name. https://xxxx

Organization. (year). Title. Website Name. https://xxxx

N.B. If the organizational author is the same as the website name, omit the site name from the reference to avoid repetition. See examples below.

​Reference examples:

Webpage with author name

Greenbaum, H. (2021, December 1). The “no first-person” myth. APA Style.

Webpage with an organization as author (same as the name of the website)

World Trade Organization. (n.d.). Who we are. Retrieved January 7, 2021, from