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APA – Citing Sources

Tags: English

What's new in the 7th edition?

What's new in the 7th edition?

There are a number of changes in the 7th edition of the APA-manual. Here are some of the more important ones:

1. The publisher location is no longer included in the reference. 

Before: Covey, S. R. (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
Now: Covey, S. R. (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. Simon & Schuster.

 

2. The in-text citations for works with three or more authors is now shortened from the first citation. You only include the first author's name "et al.". 

Before: (Taylor, Kotler, Johnson, & Parker, 2018)
Now: (Taylor et al., 2018)

 

3. Up to 20 authors should now be provided in the reference list. If a publication has more than 20 authors, use (...) as before. 

Before: Miller, T. C., Brown, M. J., Wilson, G. L., Evans, B. B., Kelly, R. S., Turner, S. T., … Lee, L. H. (2018).
Now: Miller, T. C., Brown, M. J., Wilson, G. L., Evans, B. B., Kelly, R. S., Turner, S. T., Lewis, F., Lee, L. H., Cox, G., Harris, H. L., Martin, P., Gonzalez, W. L., Hughes, W., Carter, D., Campbell, C., Baker, A. B., Flores, T., Gray, W. E., Green, G., … Nelson, T. P. (2018).

 

4. DOIs are written the same way as URLs. The label "DOI:" is no longer needed.

Before: doi: 10.1080/02626667.2018.1560449
Now: https://doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2018.1560449

 

5. URLs are no longer preceded by "Retrieved from", unless the date is needed. The web site name is included (unless it's the same as the author), and web page titles are italicized. 

Before: Walker, A. (2019, November 14). Germany avoids recession but growth remains weak. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50419127
Now: Walker, A. (2019, November 14). Germany avoids recession but growth remains weak. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50419127

 

6. The format, platform or device is no longer included in references for ebooks. Instead, the publisher is included. 

Before: Brück, M. (2009). Women in early British and Irish astronomy: Stars and satellites [Kindle version]. https:/doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2473-2
Now: Brück, M. (2009). Women in early British and Irish astronomy: Stars and satellites. Springer Nature. https:/doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2473-2

 

7. There are clear guidelines for including contributors other than authors and editors. For example, when citing a podcast episode, you include the host of the episode.

8. More examples of online sources are added, such as social media posts and YouTube videos. The use of hashtags and emojis are also explained.