A direct quotation reproduces words from another work verbatim. Use direct quotations:
Short quotations contain less than 40 words. For short quotations, write quotation marks ("...") around the words and incorporate the quote into your own text. Include page numbers in the text citation.
Quotes consisting of 40 words or more are referred to as block quotations. The quotation is then presented as a separate paragraph, without quotation marks, and with indented 1.3 cm (five spaces) from the left margin. The quotation ends with a full stop and the citations within parentheses.
The author explains her point of view:
I have abandoned the idea that universal truths exist. What is considered true about experience is not foundational to experience, nor does it exist outside experience. There are no grand narratives that can adequately represent the complexity of human perception and understanding. Even so, human beings are compelled to try to interpret experience. (Sumara, 2002, p. 4)
Some sources do not include page numberings, such as websites and some ebooks. You then need to use other ways to show the reader where you found the quoted text. Use the way that makes it easiest for the reader to understand!
If a heading is very long, you can abbreviate it.
Read more about quotations of material without page numbers on APA Style: Direct Quotation of Material Without Page Numbers
If the quotation contains a spelling mistake, type it as it says but enter the word sic in italics in brackets: [sic] In this way, you show the reader that the spelling error comes from the original source.
Example from APA Style: Quotations that include errors
If you quote something but want to omit parts of the original text, use exclusion marks (ellipses) which consist of three periods with spaces between each (. . .). Use a space between the last letter and the exclusion characters. If you exclude text between two sentences in the quote, use four periods (. ...) where one of the periods indicates a sentence break.
Read more about changes to quotations on APA Style: Changes to quotations
The first thing you have to think about when you consider having a quote in a foreign language in your text is whether it is important that it is precisely those words in that particular word order. Quoting in foreign languages is most common in subjects such as literary studies, philosophy and the like, where it can be decisive how something was expressed in the original language.
If you choose to use the quote, you should preferably leave it as it is and not translate it. If you translate, it is no longer a quote. If you still want to go ahead with a translation of the quote, you must make it clear that it is your own translation. This is done in parentheses: (Author, 2007, p.126, my translation).
It is usually better to paraphrase instead, ie write the spirit of the quote in your own words. You do not usually have a page reference when paraphrasing.
If you are going to write a quotation that contains another quotation, you do it differently depending on whether it is a short quote or block quote:
Write double quotation marks around the entire quotation and single quotation marks around the quotation inside the quotation:
For block quotations, quotation marks are not used around the entire quotation and then you use regular double quotation marks around the quotation inside the block quotation.