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APA – Citing Sources

Several works by the same author

Several works by the same author in the same year

If the same author(s) has several publications in the reference list, in the same year, they are sorted alphabetically by their titles. To be able to distinguish them when you cite them in the text, where you only use author and year, you add a letter after the year as well. Add a, b, and c etc. in the order they appear in the reference list:

  • Phillips, H., & Anderson, T. (2018a). Algebra: an introduction. Cambridge University Press.
  • Phillips, H., & Anderson, T. (2018b). Mathematical problems for everyone. Cambridge University Press.
  • Phillips, H., & Anderson, T. (2018c). String theory explained. Cambridge University Press.

This also applies if the sources have no year. Please note that there is a hyphen between n.d. and the letter:

  • Anderson, T. (n.d.-a). Algebra from the past. Cambridge University Press.
  • Anderson, T. (n.d.-b). Mathematical journeys through time. Cambridge University Press

Several works by the same first author

If you want to refer to several works by the same first author, you need to distinguish between these references in the in-text citations. Write as many authors as necessary to distinguish between the references.


  • Kapoor, Bloom, Montez, et al. (2017)
  • Kapoor, Bloom, Zucker, et al. (2017)

If only the last author separates the references, do not write et al. after:

  • Hasan, Liang, Kahn, and Jones-Miller (2015)
  • Hasan, Liang, Kahn, and Weintraub (2015)

APA Style: Citing Multiple Works With Three or More Authors and the Same Date